Cando Helper Part 2 Phonics, Structural Analysis, & Vocab


The phonic section begins with a keyboard diagram with consonant keys. Tapping a letter will result in a picture and pronunciation of a word representing each of the consonant sounds.The example is of the initial consonant sounds. 

The second selection checks initial sounds with 25 picture words testing sound-symbol relationships. The teacher clicks the left arrow to represent a correct answer and right arrow for an incorrect answer. After completing the assessment, results can be printed. There are 18 quizzes for testing initial sounds.

There are also online activities. Two of them feature pictures with beginning sounds. Students use the mouse to write the correct beginning sound and click on the check box to determine if their answer is correct.

Another activity has students correctly identify the initial sound in 10 words. As they answer each word correctly they move the character closer toward his goal of arriving home.

Another activity is a game board where students roll the dice electronically and race around the board, stating the correct beginning sound for words depicted on the game board.

There are 25 paper and pencil printable worksheets covering individual initial consonants and mixed initial consonants. The pre-post test covers all letters while the other 4 tests are labeled by groups of consonants tested.

Activities 31-33 are crossword puzzles with picture clues. The letters other than the initial sound are filled in and students are expected to fill in the initial sound.


Nine practices on final consonant sounds direct students to use the mouse to select the letters they here  at the end of pictured words.

Four additional but similar activities ask students to select the ending sound in a multiple choice format.

Paper and pencil activities include printable cut and pace marching exercises where students match the pictures of words with the same ending sounds. There are also two crossword puzzles similar to the crosswords from above, only asking students to provide ending sounds. There are also worksheets for ending sounds with identified consonants practiced on each sheet.

CONSONANT BLENDS (L, S, and R blends)

A nice addition for the teacher is a list of blends included in the Fry reading list along with where they are located (which group of 100). Practice activities include curling initial blends, identifying words that complete a sentence, multiple choice mixed blends, typing blends given auditorily and a game board with a traditional race around the board identifying blends. There are also 24 paper and pencil activities, divided among L blends, R blends, S blends and mixed blends. They use the same formats as the previous paper and pencil practice.



Principally using the same formats as above, activities for blends and digraphs are presented in these sections. One fun addition for students is a “Billionaire Game.”

Short Vowel Sounds

Following an introduction of the short sounds, there is a PDF poster of vowel sounds which can be printed. For each vowel there are CVC, CVCC, CCVC, CCVCC AND CCVC pattern words and practice. There are an abundance of activities including multiple choice, crossword puzzles, reading short sentences, scrambled words, cut and paste, and coloring pages identifying short vowels.

Long Vowel Sounds and Digraphs

Using similar formats, the long vowel section gives the teacher resources including examples, a poster, silent E work, and vowel digraphs.

R-Controlled Vowels

70 activities give students practice for those tricky “bossy R”-controlled vowels.


Introductory information includes examples, a list of diphthongs using the Fry List, and a list of diphthongs used in the activities. Fill in the blank, multiple choice, games, word searches, crossword puzzles,  and matching with individual dipthongs and mixed practice provide many choices for teachers and students.

Hard and Soft C and G

Paper and pencil activities, matching, True/False, Drag and Drops, crosswords, word search, give 25 activities for identifying the soft and hard sounds of C and G.

Silent Letters KN, GN, WR,

Aside from similar activities to those above, there is a classification activity where students categorize words which do and do not follow the phonetic rules for silent letters.

There is also a fun following directions activity using words with silent letters!

The Letter Y

Exercises help students identify Y as a consonant, Y making a Long I sound, or Y making a Long  E sound. In addition to flashcards, classification, multiple choice, and crosswords.

Structural Analysis

Word Endings

This sections gives students practice adding ed, ing, s, er, est, and ing and applying the appropriate rules both with online practice and paper and pencil activities.

Compound Words, Contractions, Syllabication, and Plurals

Online and printable exercises in these areas complete the section on structural analysis.


Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms

Not only will you find student activities, but also posters to reinforce concepts for your classroom.

Parts of Speech

Practice activities include pronouns, nouns, verbs, adjectives, articles, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Sight Words

For me, one of the highlights of the website was the sight word section. Fry Words are divided into groups of 100. They can be viewed in the traditional lists, or by sounds (initial sounds, blends, vowel sounds, number or number of syllables. There are online flashcards for the first 300 words.

A feature I really liked was the Fry Word List in Booklet Form. Foldable booklets are created for each group of 100 words for words 1-1000. With easy check-off boxes, these are great to send home to parents.

Word searches aren’t my thing–I don’t find they have much value, but there are word searches in groups of 20 for the first 1000 words.

There are also paper and pencil trace the words exercises, fill in the blank with word banks and word shape boxes, and spelling practice.

Another of my favorite features can be found under “Candor’s Flash Cards–Fry’s Hundreds List.”  This is phenomenal for easy record keeping and data collection. After clicking on the correct set of words, a group of 25 words will appear one at a time. If the student correctly identifies the word, the instructor selects yes. If not, the instructor selects no. Alternatively you can use the left and right arrows on the keyboard. A result page will show at the conclusion of the 25 words, indicating the results. I kept the list for my records and used index cards to create a set of practice words for the student. We kept those at school in a ziplock baggie. Students copied the words on index cards to take home to practice. Sometimes I would time them to see how quickly they could identify their practice words. This became one of my go-to ways to organize my sight word work. There were 3000 total words to work with, allowing many levels of differentiation. There are also flash cards for two, three, and four syllable words.

There are lots of options for practice including short sentences, multiple choice practice, choosing missing letters, games, word families, color and number words, calendar words, holiday themes, and external suggested sites.

Visit for these and

other free resources for primary teachers or

teachers working with older beginning


Another idea (from my TPT Store):

Product Description

Not sure how to use the language experience approach? Have a volunteer, aide, or tutor coming but no time to explain what to do? Working with struggling reader or want to expand the vocabulary of your students? This guide will enable you to promote reading and writing through the use of personal experiences. Guide can be used in a 1 on 1 tutorial situation, small groups, or full class instruction. Use this integrated whole language approach to reading and writing.

Included in the unit:
• Step by step instructions for completing a language experience story
• How to use the story for beginning readers
• Incorporating phonics instruction in the language experience story
• making a comprehension connection
• student work page